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Software Testing >> Functional Testing

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bharathsr
Newbie


Reged: 02/10/11
Posts: 1
Loc: India
Difference between Test strategy & Test plan
      #660107 - 02/10/11 08:43 PM

What is the difference between the test plan and test strategy. Please give the difference with example.

--------------------
Thanks,
Bharath
[email] bharathsiddareddy@gmail.com [/email]


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robertb9999
Member


Reged: 11/17/10
Posts: 73
Loc: London
Re: Difference between Test strategy & Test plan [Re: bharathsr]
      #660119 - 02/11/11 12:25 AM

Well here's my 2 penny worth re those documents plus the good old Test Policy document.....

A Test Policy document is a very high level company wide document and is written at the executive level. It'll consider the overall approach, culture and standards of the organisation, and will outline the corporate view of testing practices and is often written by the IT department.

A Test Strategy document describes how the testing should be done - how to implememnt the Test Policy. It will show what testing needs to achieve in order to reduce or even remove generic risks. It's a reusable set of testing guidelines and is usually not project specific.

The main difference between these two documents is their level of detail. The Policy is the 'what' and the Strategy is the 'how'.

A Test Plan is project specific and would include:

1. A Test Plan identifier
2. An introduction
3. Test items
4. Features to be tested
5. Features not to be tested
6. Approach
7. Item pass/fail criteria
8. Suspension criteria and resumption criteria
9. Test deliverables
10.Testing tasks
11.Enviornment needs
12.Responsibilities
13.Staffing and training needs
14.Schedule
15.Risks and contingencies
16.Approvals

--------------------
Rob Broadhurst
Passed the Microsoft Virtual Academy course on SQL Azure now doing the Windows Azure course.
www.robertbroadhurst.com


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RajivWalia
Junior Member


Reged: 03/14/06
Posts: 41
Loc: Chandigarh
Re: Difference between Test strategy & Test plan [Re: robertb9999]
      #661209 - 02/19/11 03:22 AM

Still difference is not clear to me.

Can we say that "Test Strategy" is a part of "Test Plan"?

--------------------
Thanks,
Rajiv Walia
http://puretest.blogspot.com


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Elfriede Dustin
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Reged: 12/28/99
Posts: 1351
Loc: Washington, DC
Re: Difference between Test strategy & Test plan [Re: RajivWalia]
      #661213 - 02/19/11 07:20 AM

Quote:

Still difference is not clear to me.

Can we say that "Test Strategy" is a part of "Test Plan"?




Yes, the test strategy can be a sub-category in a test plan.

Elfriede

--------------------
Elfriede Dustin
My amazon blog
Solving your Automated Software and Security Testing problems
my twitter handle @ElfriedeDustin


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robertb9999
Member


Reged: 11/17/10
Posts: 73
Loc: London
Re: Difference between Test strategy & Test plan [Re: RajivWalia]
      #661316 - 02/21/11 05:35 AM

Quote:

Can we say that "Test Strategy" is a part of "Test Plan"?




Not really, they are seperate documents.

--------------------
Rob Broadhurst
Passed the Microsoft Virtual Academy course on SQL Azure now doing the Windows Azure course.
www.robertbroadhurst.com


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Rich W.
Veteran


Reged: 03/05/04
Posts: 5815
Loc: West Coast of the East Coast!
Re: Difference between Test strategy & Test plan [Re: robertb9999]
      #661349 - 02/21/11 09:23 AM

Try these searches:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Test_strategy
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Test_plan

--------------------
Personal Comment

Success is the ability to go from one failure to another with no loss of enthusiasm.
~ Winston Churchill ~


...Rich Wagner


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KishoreAutomation
Active Member


Reged: 10/08/06
Posts: 925
Re: Difference between Test strategy & Test plan [Re: Rich W.]
      #661391 - 02/21/11 06:25 PM


Generally Test Strategy saying...

How to test your product what type of methodologies your planning to test your product(like functional,performance, system testing etc....).

If you can plan to test your product in functional testing then you can choose the following testing depend upon your requirement

1.functionality testing(GUI Actual/Excepted values)
2.Input domian testing.(passing input values for testing)
3.Error Handling.
4.Database testing.
5.Object Property checking
6.Compatability testing
7.configuration testing
8.sanitation testing
9.Installation testing
10.Inter system testing

Based on above testing your can prepare strategy document in the same document you can say why we are choosing above testing what is the advantages of particular test in our product like that you can implement test strategy document.

Once you decide test strategy then you can plan what are the modules you want to test,schedules, risks etc..... this need prepared one more document for test plan


Let me know if any clarifications

Regards,
Kishore


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robertb9999
Member


Reged: 11/17/10
Posts: 73
Loc: London
Re: Difference between Test strategy & Test plan [Re: KishoreAutomation]
      #661578 - 02/23/11 01:34 AM

Quote:

4.Database testing.




Eh...you're going to test Oracle or SQL Server?

--------------------
Rob Broadhurst
Passed the Microsoft Virtual Academy course on SQL Azure now doing the Windows Azure course.
www.robertbroadhurst.com


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RajivWalia
Junior Member


Reged: 03/14/06
Posts: 41
Loc: Chandigarh
Re: Difference between Test strategy & Test plan [Re: robertb9999]
      #661603 - 02/23/11 03:21 AM

Very very small example:

Test Strategy: We will do GUI Testing for 2 modules (A and B).

Test Plan: Tester A will test module A and Tester B will test module B. This testing cycle should be completed withing 2 weeks and they will report the issues to concerned developer.

Please correct me if I am wrong.

--------------------
Thanks,
Rajiv Walia
http://puretest.blogspot.com


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DenisJ
Member


Reged: 06/02/08
Posts: 198
Re: Difference between Test strategy & Test plan [Re: bharathsr]
      #661665 - 02/23/11 08:44 AM

Test Stratergy: Tells you What, when and How a testing engagement will be carried out on a higher level does not talk about details about individual modules.

Test Plan: Details on specific modules telling us who, when and how the testing will be performed.

--------------------
----------------------------------------------------------------
I don't build Software but I make them work better, Testing is a Passion


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RajivWalia
Junior Member


Reged: 03/14/06
Posts: 41
Loc: Chandigarh
Re: Difference between Test strategy & Test plan [Re: DenisJ]
      #661748 - 02/23/11 09:41 PM

Can you please specify these points by providing very small example?

--------------------
Thanks,
Rajiv Walia
http://puretest.blogspot.com


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vasuans
Newbie


Reged: 03/13/11
Posts: 5
Re: Difference between Test strategy & Test plan [Re: RajivWalia]
      #665058 - 03/18/11 06:58 PM

This is the best document I have seen till date
http://www.testingexcellence.com/test-strategy-and-test-plan/

some companies include test strategy document inside test plan.

----------------------------------------------------
Test Strategy
A Test Strategy document is a high level document and normally developed by project manager. This document defines Testing Approach to achieve testing objectives. The Test Strategy is normally derived from the Business Requirement Specification document.

The Test Stategy document is a static document meaning that it is not updated too often. It sets the standards for testing processes and activities and other documents such as the Test Plan draws its contents from those standards set in the Test Strategy Document.

Some companies include the Test Approach or Strategy inside the Test Plan, which is fine and it is usually the case for small projects. However, for larger projects, there is one Test Strategy document and different number of Test Plans for each phase or level of testing.

Components of the Test Strategy document

* Scope and Objectives
* Business issues
* Roles and responsibilities
* Communication and status reporting
* Test deliverability
* Industry standards to follow
* Test automation and tools
* Testing measurements and metrices
* Risks and mitigation
* Defect reporting and tracking
* Change and configuration management
* Training plan

Test Plan
The Test Plan document on the other hand, is derived from the Product Description, Software Requirement Specification SRS, or Use Case Documents.
The Test Plan document is usually prepared by the Test Lead or Test Manager and the focus of the document is to describe what to test, how to test, when to test and who will do what test.

It is not uncommon to have one Master Test Plan which is a common document for the test phases and each test phase have their own Test Plan documents.

There is much debate, as to whether the Test Plan document should also be a static document like the Test Strategy document mentioned above or should it be updated every often to reflect changes according to the direction of the project and activities.
My own personal view is that when a testing phase starts and the Test Manager is controlling the activities, the test plan should be updated to reflect any deviation from the original plan. After all, Planning and Control are continuous activities in the formal test process.

* Test Plan id
* Introduction
* Test items
* Features to be tested
* Features not to be tested
* Test techniques
* Testing tasks
* Suspension criteria
* Features pass or fail criteria
* Test environment (Entry criteria, Exit criteria)
* Test delivarables
* Staff and training needs
* Responsibilities
* Schedule


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TnkerBell
Active Member


Reged: 09/01/08
Posts: 1051
Loc: Neverland
Re: Difference between Test strategy & Test plan [Re: vasuans]
      #665277 - 03/21/11 09:06 PM

http://www.sqaforums.com/showflat.php?Cat=0&Number=659911&Main=585789

--------------------
Regards,
Tinker

"The most wasted of all days is one without laughter."
-e e cummings


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deepak87
Newbie


Reged: 06/19/12
Posts: 1
Re: Difference between Test strategy & Test plan [Re: bharathsr]
      #715372 - 08/27/12 08:58 PM

"Test Plan is prepared from the Software Requirement Specification SRS, Product Description, or Use Case Documents.Test Plan is prepared by the Test Lead or Test Manager.

Test Plan Document describes :
1) What to test
2) How to test
3) When to test
4) Who will do what test.


Test Strategy document descibes the 'Testing Approach' to achieve the testing goel. It is a static document.

Test strategies describes
1) How the product risks of the stakeholders are mitigated at the test-level.
2) Which types of test are to be performed
3) Which entry and exit criteria apply.


It depends upon company to company. There is no harm if Test Plan document is not prepared. But in case if Test Plan is documented the it should be updated time to time to reflect any deviation from the actual plan.

"


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AlacratStore
Newbie


Reged: 09/24/12
Posts: 6
Re: Difference between Test strategy & Test plan [Re: deepak87]
      #717056 - 09/26/12 08:17 AM

Test Plan- A document that drives all the future testing activities, and all the testing activities are planned at the beginning itself and are documented.

Test strategy- T.S is a part of test plan, which describes the approach of testing the application, and decide what all the type of testing that we are going to do on the same application.

--------------------
crochet


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AkashPatel
Newbie


Reged: 09/16/12
Posts: 6
Re: Difference between Test strategy & Test plan [Re: AlacratStore]
      #717893 - 10/11/12 06:31 AM

Test Plan - A software project test plan is a document that describes the objectives, scope, approach, and focus of a software testing effort

- Test Plan: the set of ideas that guide a test project
- The test plan is the sum of test strategy and test logistics.

Test Strategy Test Strategy or Test Approach is a set of guide lines that describes test design. Test strategy says - How testing is going to be performed? What will be the test architecture?

- Test Strategy: the set of ideas that guide test design


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DanielChelliah
Newbie


Reged: 10/16/12
Posts: 4
Re: Difference between Test strategy & Test plan [Re: AkashPatel]
      #718093 - 10/16/12 02:33 AM

Is it possible that during the writing of the Test Plan that the Test Strategy will need to be re-written? Or is the Test Strategy just a pre-requisite document to guide the writing of the Test Plan which is the final document to be used for Testing and which may defer to the original thoughts expressed in the Test Strategy?

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iLoveTesting.com - The coolest NEW site for software testing covering web apps, mobile apps & software products.

Edited by DanielChelliah (10/16/12 02:35 AM)


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shindevijaykr
Newbie


Reged: 11/05/07
Posts: 10
Loc: Pune, India
Re: Difference between Test strategy & Test plan [Re: DanielChelliah]
      #719960 - 12/07/12 02:01 AM

Test plan is a vision of what you want to achieve and test strategy is an action plan designed to achieve this vision!

I have explained the difference in detail here:
http://www.softwaretestinghelp.com/writing-test-strategy-document-template/

--------------------
Ask me your software testing queries:
Software Testing Help


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