Verification typically involves reviews and meetings to evaluate documents, plans, code, requirements, and specifications. This can be done with checklists, issues lists, walkthroughs, and inspection meetings. Validation typically involves actual testing and takes place after verifications are completed. The term 'IV & V' refers to Independent Verification and Validation
It's not exactly what you asked for... but what is the difference between "asking a question" and "searching for the answer" ?
It could be the use (or not) of the "search" functionality of these forums.
Try to use it, and you'll find more answers already there.
... Not even me.